Ocean Currents Map Pdf

As well as atlas wallpapers, we also sell city map wallpaper and children’s world maps meaning that there really is something for everyone. Brazil Current Warm currents 1. Islands and countries. show the distribution of H2O and “semiheavy” water (HDO: deuterated water containing a mixture of hydrogen isotopes) across Mars. Find a miniature golf course or disable beach access. The Ocean Cleanup is a non-profit organization developing advanced technologies to rid the oceans of plastic. El Niño is an unusually warm ocean current accompanied by heavy rains and flooding. Part 3: Map Surface Currents! Using rocks to simulate land masses, create a new world in the baking dish. Indian Ocean Currents. ACS Bicycle Commute Mode Share 2006-2010. • Chart of the currents off of the United States • Map of the United States • Map of ocean currents PREPARATION This activity works best as a small group activity or as a demonstration. But the heat that ocean currents fail to transport northwards would make parts of the Southern Hemisphere even hotter. Science Standard 3: Oceanography: Understand the physical features of the ocean and its influences on weather and climate. 5, varies by ±20% seasonally and appears to be strongest in late spring and summer (see Johns et al. Global ocean currents help to regulate the world’s climate and have important effects on marine life. pdf (05/2014). Gourdeau F T. BANAS School of Oceanography, Box 355351, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 ABSTRACT: Ocean processes are generally large scale on the U. For a more complete listing of municipalities and local placenames, please visit the. A)the revolution of the Earth B)the erosion of the Earth's crust C)shifting of the Earth's magnetic poles D)convection currents in the Earth's mantle Movement of the crustal plates shown in the diagram. TeleGeography’s free interactive Submarine Cable Map is based on our authoritative Global Bandwidth research, and depicts active and planned submarine cable systems and their landing stations. World: Oceans, Seas and Lakes - Map Quiz Game: Approximately 71 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. Climate change is affecting biodiversity, and a poleward expansion was suggested for dolphinfish due to its affinity. In general, wind-driven currents dominate the upper ocean, and thermohaline circulation drives the movement of the deep ocean. 29 Sep 2016: Shutdown 20:20 GMT due to campus wide electrical outage. Leeuwin Current is about 300 m deep (quite shallow for a major current system, by global standards), and beneath it is a northwards countercurrent called the Leeuwin Undercurrent. This information creates a more complete picture of what is happening in the ocean, as well as trends scientists might be able to detect. Red and Blue Food coloring. Downloads for ESIs that were generated using GIS (post-1993) include metadata in PDF format. Here's that dataset (Major_Ocean_Currents_arrowPolys_30m) in GeoJSON Pyesridump is a very powerful tool you can use to liberate data from ESRI's silos. In many areas, these sediment layers measure up to 3 miles (5 kilometers) thick. Global Warming May Alter Atlantic Currents, Study Says. Many processes which are fundamental to the general cir-culation of the world ocean also occur within the Mediterranean, either identically or analogously. The Gulf Stream is another ocean current that played a historical role in the 1. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Ocean Currents. New Seafloor Map Reveals How Strange the Gulf of Mexico Is Data gathered by oil exploration companies was combined to create the highest resolution map ever made of the area. They mainly arise due to flowing of winds on the ocean surface and are affected by tides, gravity and other atmospheric conditions. HICKEY* and NEIL S. Neither is it simple on Mars. The ocean conveyor belt is caused by differences in water temperature and salinity. Shipping Routes from China World Shipping Routes (from Hofstra University ) Here’s a post showing main ocean shipping routes from China to the worldwide, including main ports of each route, with the main container shipping companies which you can consider to choose. The Role of Oceans "Ocean water and currents affect climate. Ocean Currents Map; Resources scientific partnerships between schools around the world and engage students in activities and communication about ocean climate. ETOPO1 is a 1 arc-minute digital representation of Earth's solid surface that integrates land topography and ocean bathymetry from numerous global and regional data sets. The Antarctic Circumpolar Current in the Southern Ocean, which is 24000 km long and circles the entire continent of Antarctica. This modi-. 2 provide an understanding of how ocean currents redistribute nutrients and fuel primary production. This module, intended for grades 3-5, includes a storybook and three classroom activities. 5°5'E (2015) ANNUAL DECREASE 8' Edit. On this page, you can download free Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps and data in a variety of formats: PDF (Portable Document Format) files. Ocean currents have a huge impact on our weather. Ocean and Coastal Law iii PREFACE The Oceans Act of 2000 (Pub. The Major OCEAN CURRENTS of the World Earth How On an outline map of the world show the major ocean currents of Ocean Currents Shortcut method by to learn faster Clear IAS 8(q) Surface and Subsurface Ocean Currents: Ocean Current Map On the world map in FIGURE 1, identify each of the majo | Chegg. Remember, there is only one Pacifi c Ocean; but in this map projection, half of the ocean appears on each side of the map. Paper maps are no longer available. Atlantic subtropical Gyre, via the Caribbean, Yucatan, Loop, and Florida currents. Deep-ocean currents are driven by differences in the water's density. East Australia Current 10. Not quite realtime, but still, er, current enough. Risk of Once-Per-Century Geomagnetic Superstorm in NE United States. The stronger the wind, the bigger the wave. Ocean wave spectra estimates from high frequency beam forming radars in the South Atlantic Bight (CD14B -0029). Changes in the temperature from season to season are relatively small and strongly tied to changes in the surrounding ocean temperature. ACS Bicycle Commute Mode Share 2006-2010. The surface current is typically 3% of the wind speed. Author: Michelle Copher Created Date: 5/28/2015 12:51:27 PM. this is why corals do not live in areas where rivers. Clear or white large baking dish. jpg _ Download Map (image, 3MB) Download Map (PDF, 7MB) Take A Tour of Seabrook Join town founder Casey Roloff every Saturday for a special walking tour of Seabrook More Info. Currents measured at: n/a. Click in each square of the grid to create a map of the entire ocean floor. density-driven currents c. Check your assessment Assessment rolls list information for every property in a municipality. Ridgway F W. Rip currents are narrow channels of water that form when waves of different intensities break on the shoreline and generate currents that try to keep the water level even by pulling the large amount of water brought to shore by the waves back into the ocean. Ocean Commotion: Currents and GyresGrades 3-8 Time Needed: 45 minutes Catch a wave! Act out the currents and gyres of the Pacific Ocean and see how the Pacific tour of the Pacific Ocean map. Benguela Current 6. This map shows Grant Teton National Park entrances, the route through John D. Scientists categorize layers of the ocean into zones. Baja Drift. California Current, the Humboldt Current, the Benguela Current, and the Canary Current (2). Roemmich F J. 10/2018 02-5273. Because water expands slightly as it gets warmer, an increase in ocean heat content will also increase the volume of water in the ocean, which is one cause of the observed increases in sea level (see the Sea Level indicator). 78X 16th St Arena Express PDF Map. Identify 3 patterns with ocean currents you. HDO enrichment varies with time and location; for example, irregular isotopic signals associate with different terrain features. View Colorado River watershed maps, maps of the entire western Colorado River Basin, transmountain diversions and satellite imagery depicting the importance of the Colorado River. Memorial Parkway to Yellowstone, and visitor centers. Among others. In addition, the map has a compass which shows the direction and the position of the North Pole. A topographic map shows more than contours. By John Roach for National Geographic News. Have students look at the world maps of geostrophic ocean currents and dynamic ocean topography at the same time [Figs. The warm Caribbean Current, derived from the junction of the North Equatorial Current and the. It is easy to identify the countries. Top 10 Reasons to Study Geography. What create (“push”) most surface ocean currents? _____ 3. Water vs land 4. Explain to students that this is a depiction of ocean currents called the Ocean Conveyor Belt. Council President: Mayor: City Clerk: Date: January, 2008 Previously adopted pursuant to Ordinances 02-19, 02-29, 02-36. You can click/tap ad many times as required to find the elevation of multiple points. Ocean currents have a profound influence on climate Covering some 71 per cent of the Earth and absorbing about twice as much of the sun's radiation as the atmosphere or the land surface, the oceans are a major component of the climate system. Anywhere there are areas of infrastructure there will be major NDT inspection going on. Sketch the California Current, the Gulf Stream, and the Kuroshio into the map of the world above, and label them. Use models to explain how ocean currents are affected by Earth's moving plates. Click on the map on a location where you wish to find the altitude; The altitude will be displayed in the message box below the map and when you hover over the. Global Warming May Alter Atlantic Currents, Study Says. Being water competent in the ocean requires stronger and different skills than in a pool. Changes to prevailing winds affect ocean currents. west coast. 5°5'E (2015) ANNUAL DECREASE 8' Edit. Ocean Currents - NOAA. Color the warm currents using a red arrow the map colors. 1 Concord Ocean Pines Ocean City Cambridge Alexandria. ; Geodatabase format with an ArcMap map document (. New quizzes added regularly. Ocean currents powerpoint 1. Have students begin watching Ocean Currents Internet video lesson, ~ 10 minutes. Water vs land 4. Note that gyres circulate clockwise in the northern Hemisphere and counter-clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. ***Global Wind Patterns is the first map ***Ocean Surface Current Patterns is the second map Questions: 1. Atlantic Ocean, the oldest oceanic crust occurs next to the North American and African continents and is about 160 million years old (Jurassic) (see figure 4. Difference in water density. Ocean currents flow for great distances, and together, create the global conveyor belt which plays a dominant role in determining the climate of many of the Earth's regions. Abraham’s luggage: a social life of things in the medieval Indian Ocean world Elizabeth A Lambourn, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 2018, 301 pp. Lunar Maps and Moon Charts. Download Pilot Charts. California current. The currents are: 1. This study provides a global, detailed, and complete energy-saving map of strong ocean cur- rents from the absolute geostrophic velocitiescalculated from satellite altimetrydata, with the focus on the strong Western Boundary Currents (WBCs) in the global ocean. When an iceberg reaches warm waters, the new climate attacks it from all sides. Study the diagram to learn about the habitat of each zone. In short, they constitute a large mass of water flowing along a fixed path on the surface of the ocean. Only the southern portion of the model domain is shown. The ocean currents on your map generally travel in either a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. Ocean Biogeochemistry Lab - Department of Earth System. In El Niño years, the prevailing winds that normally drive a warm current from the Equator past New Zealand are disrupted and may stop or even reverse. The thermohaline circulation, often referred to as the ocean's "conveyor belt", links major surface and deep water currents in the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern Oceans. The Coriolis Effect deflects the NH surface winds to the right (and SH winds to the left) creating a three convection-cell system with zonal (west-east) winds in Figure 6-4. Ocean Surface Currents - [A web-based ocean current reference site] Each current has important links, summary text detailing velocity and hydrographic observations, and plots such as, average current speed and locations, drifting buoy positions, sea surface temperature maps. Water quality describes the condition of the water, including chemical, physical, and biological characteristics, usually with respect to its suitability for a particular purpose such as drinking or swimming. Ocean currents and mixing by winds and waves can transport and redistribute heat to deeper ocean layers. • Model the skill: Project the Ocean Map with markings for the place where the toys spilled into the ocean ("2") and places where the toys washed onto Alaskan beaches. Have students begin watching Ocean Currents Internet video lesson, ~ 10 minutes. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Ocean currents, Ocean currents, Ocean currents what are their effects, Lesson 8 currents national science, Science 1206 unit 2 weather dynamics work 13 major, Unit 2 ocean currents, Review work 1, A collection of curricula for the starlab ocean currents. Input Data for Model Bathymetry data is obtained from the Global Relief Model from NOAA released March 2009 (ETOPO1) is a 1 arc-minute global model of Earth's surface integrating land topography and ocean bathymetry. VIKING SKY (Viking Cruises) current ship position tracker and cruise itinerary with port details. By Ahmed, Andreana, Amélie 2. Which side of the North Pacific Ocean, east or west, has. Upon completion of video, students should begin to answer questions provided on the Ocean Currents worksheet. 9 Antarctic Circumpolar Current Cold Questions: 1. The MORVEL and GPS esti-. The Gulf Stream is another ocean current that played a historical role in the European settlement of North America. 3MB) [pdf format] ; Physical Map of the World 2011 November (1. National Geographic 85,034 views. This study provides a global, detailed, and complete energy-saving map of strong ocean cur- rents from the absolute geostrophic velocitiescalculated from satellite altimetrydata, with the focus on the strong Western Boundary Currents (WBCs) in the global ocean. Hawaii's ocean and beach conditions are as unique as the islands themselves. Monsoon Current 14. - MIDDLE SCHOOL Learning Outcomes: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: Explain how temperature differences in water cause water movement Locate and map the ocean gyres and major ocean currents around Canada Examine and graph how currents affect climate. SCIENCE EXPLORER Grade 8 ©Prentice-Hall, Inc. The ocean conveyor belt is caused by differences in water temperature and salinity. Current Erosion Risk Line (2007 Data) 2060 Erosion Risk Line (2007 Data) 2100 Erosion Risk Line (2007 Data) Current Coastline (2016 Data) A 14 Legal Road Reserves (LINZ) Railway Reserves (LINZ) Archaeological Sites 61 25 62 28 63 25 50 100 MAHIA BEACH 2 MAP No. Pacific Ocean North STINSON BEACH Mt. BANAS School of Oceanography, Box 355351, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 ABSTRACT: Ocean processes are generally large scale on the U. Adopt a Drifter Lessons: A Laboratory Simulation of Ocean Surface Currents. Ocean current is the directed movement of the ocean water by virtue of the forces like wind, earth's rotation, gravitation of the moon etc. But the heat that ocean currents fail to transport northwards would make parts of the Southern Hemisphere even hotter. For the bottom current, the current speed was 0-20 cm/s towards northwest. It is divided into the standard oceans: the Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and the proposed Southern Ocean and ocean round the Antarctic. At the same time, the temperature of ocean currents influences the temperature of coastal areas, such as Oregon's coast. Current velocity, measured by Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (Sb-ADCP) during 1991-2000, was used to study the upper-ocean (o300m) currents around Taiwan. Use the near real-time water temperature data with discretion, because they may contain errors. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. This creates a. Learn more about us. Indian Ocean Currents. The California Ocean Current, which flows along the west coast of North America, is a A)thermosphere B)mesosphere. Cold ocean currents Cold air present above such currents ensures that there is little moisture available to cool and form clouds. See the towering 12 Apostles, get up close to native wildlife, and take in iconic surf breaks, pristine rainforest and misty waterfalls along the spectacular Great Ocean Road. Welcome to the Ocean Salmon Management Program (commercial troll salmon and ocean recreational salmon fisheries) Summary of the Ocean Salmon Project; Sampling design for estimation of effort and catch in the ocean sport fishery (updated 3-10-2015; 2. As well as atlas wallpapers, we also sell city map wallpaper and children’s world maps meaning that there really is something for everyone. The thermohaline circulation, often referred to as the ocean's "conveyor belt", links major surface and deep water currents in the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern Oceans. OUR MISSION. Changes in the temperature from season to season are relatively small and strongly tied to changes in the surrounding ocean temperature. Major Ocean Currents. El Niño is an unusually warm ocean current accompanied by heavy rains and flooding. 9 m s-1 for a return period of 10 years. This current is generated because of upwelling of cold-water near the west coast of Africa. Click on map colored regions to see short summaries of scores by country. Map with JOSM Remote; View. The global conveyer belt is part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by differences in the density of the waters. Council President: Mayor: City Clerk: Date: January, 2008 Previously adopted pursuant to Ordinances 02-19, 02-29, 02-36. Peru Current 8. This modi-. Atmospheric and oceanic currents stopped the transfer of warm, tropical air and water to the higher latitudes. Explore where top predators congregate in the Pacific Ocean, learn about human impacts, and discover how oceanographic conditions can affect marine life in our curriculum. The ocean gyres you have drawn are centered at a latitude of approximately (0°) (30°) (60°). List of Ocean Currents of the World Oceans are the lifeline of the Earth and humankind because it plays an important role in the Earth's climate and in global warming. We also provide analysis products for private sector and government decision-makers who have more specific needs. In the western North Pacific, hurricanes are called typhoons; similar storms in the Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean are called cyclones. Winds, water density, and tides all drive ocean currents. 39521 Map showing course of currents in the Atlantic Ocean- b & b' are currents set in motion by opposite trade-winds; meeting, they Antique map by W and A&K Johnston, printed in c. The most striking difference is the seas onal reversal of the monsoon winds and its effects on the ocean currents in the northern hemisphere. Arctic Ocean, -5607 m) Milwaukee Deep (deepest point of the Atlantic Ocean, -8605 m) N DESERT N A I (BRAZIL) E T T Y Port-Vila E A S H T N Tromelin Island R Cook Islands-R I of the Indian Ocean, D G H E Sea R U Luanda-A M I of the Indian Ocean, D (Keeling) Islands I Carpentaria American D La Paz I (Fr. Ocean Falls Port Hardy Klemtu Chemainus Powell River Williams Lake Quesnel Prince Rupert Prince George Comox Tsawwassen Campbell River Kamloops Whistler Swartz Bay Southern Gulf Islands (see inset) Alliford Bay Sandspit Langdale Earls Cove Saltery Bay Port McNeill Sointula Alert Bay Bellingham Seattle Tof ino Port Renfrew Mill Bay Tatla Lake. Hope it’s easy now!. Most of the times they are caused by winds on the oceans. Test your knowledge with Infoplease trivia and quizzes. Includes maps of the seven continents, the 50 states, North America, South America, Asia, Europe, Africa, and Australia. Blowing wind produces currents at the surface of the ocean which are oriented at 90° to its direction (on its right in the Northern Hemisphere and on its left in the Southern Hemisphere) due to the Earth rotation. Oceanography 10 Ocean Circulation • PART 1: Introduction General types of Ocean Currents Solar Energy and the Seasons • PART 2: Measuring Ocean Currents and Structure • PART 3: General Surface Currents and their Patterns Effects of the Earth’ rotation; Coriolis Effect Earth’s changing ro tational velocities Earth’s major wind patterns. California Current 2. map shows new international dateline around Samoa and Tokelau after December 29, 2011 current local time in Kiribati Fiji Tonga Samoa pacific islands near 180 meridian and International Date Line Fiji Tonga Tokelau Kiribati Tuvalu Samoa Niue French Polynesia Pitcairn New Caledonia Vanuatu Solomon Islands Naurui Cook Islands Marshall Islands Micronesia Guam Mariana Islands Palau. The Tasman and Subtropical fronts are relatively warm surface currents. •Different sea floor features exist in different oceanographic locations. The ocean gyres you have drawn are centered at a latitude of approximately (0°) (30°) (60°). Illustrating the world. Select a tide or current station by clicking or tapping on a station. Navigational information to supplement your charts. You can use the ( ) and ( ) buttons to spin the map. Ocean currents are massive currents that are influenced by a variety of different forces that act to propel the water both on the surface and in deep ocean waters. Cambridge set out to map the current state of knowledge about the role of mangroves in coastal defence and put the different findings and views in perspective. California Current 7. Make sure you do not accidentally enter “no. Find detailed, fast-loading South Carolina county maps. Land near the ocean is often warmer in winter and cooler in summer. Includes 8 "Fill-Ins" to check. Find a miniature golf course or disable beach access. 11- completed "Currents -Rivers of the Ocean" folder assignment 12 - Ocean Currents Lab - handed in to be marked 13 - Rubber Ducky current activity - handed in to be marked -copy of questions 14 - wrap up Ocean currents lab and rubber duckies assignment. A current is movement of water in an ocean. The seafloor in the map area extends from the shoreline and western end of the Golden Gate channel to water depths of about 30 to 50 m, except for the San Andreas graben area, where water depths reach 75 m. Section 2 Currents and Climate Key Concept Ocean currents transport energy, affect climate and weather, and distribute nutrients. Aung N A T I O N. Ocean currents in the newly formed Antarctic or Southern Ocean created a circumpolar current. The figure below shows the basic pattern. If you look at a world map, you can see that Earth’s 5 oceans are vast. Ocean currents transport important quantities, such as nutrients, heat and pollutants around the world, often with direct consequence to humans. Indian Ocean. How does the varying density of the ocean's waters create the. Size: How big is the Indian Ocean? The Indian Ocean is the world’s third largest ocean and covers 20% of the Earth’s surface, after the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans. On the iceberg surface, warm air melts snow and ice into pools called melt ponds that can trickle through the iceberg and widen cracks. Horizontal currents arise mainly due to friction between wind and water. West Wind Drift 13. The Amtrak Network rev. Paste the image it into a blank document. Created Date: 11/12/2014 5:14:35 PM. As seen on the map below the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean each have two such circles, one in the north and one in the south circulating anti-clockwise. Shade or color the map completely using map/colored pencils. • Changes in surface currents, such as El Niño, can cause changes in weather. 1 Date 2020-03-23 Author Robert K. 9MB) [pdf format] ; Physical Map of the World 2013 (1. Standard Metric Auto-Refresh: Distance between current water level and bridge is. The purpose of this page is to define a Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), a commonly used term in floodplain management. The National Estuarine Research Reserve System is a network of 29 coastal sites designated to protect and study estuarine systems. Ocean currents. Create a map: Click New ocean. Analyze and interpret data on a world map that shows ocean surface currents to explain the effect of ocean currents on regional and global climate. El Nino or Counter Current 9. (NASA Earth Observatory maps by Joshua Stevens, using data from Coral Reef Watch. Record your prediction by removing the dish and drawing arrows showing surface currents on the map. Oyashio Current 6. Collect several gallon jars. We believe that Black Lives Matter. Ocean currents and mixing by winds and waves can transport and redistribute heat to deeper ocean layers. Korea Maps (University of Texas at Austin Map Collection) Korea - Interactive Map [In Korean] (Daum) Korea - Topographic Maps U. Get the latest space exploration, innovation and astronomy news. Their movements regulate the Earth's climate and transport. Sea Surface Salinity Influence on Earth's Climate. 9 m s-1 for a return period of 10 years. 1 - Definition. World Ocean Facts Area (1,000,000 km²) Volume (1,000,000 km³) Average Depth (m) Maximum Depth (m) Atlantic Ocean 82. Create a map: Click New ocean. Some climates are small in scale, like the climate of a local region or the microclimates within an ecosystem, and some are much larger, such as the climates of entire continents, or the world's oceans. “Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska” (Project) was to perform a feasibility study at False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska to determine if a tidal energy project would be a viable means to generate electricity and heat to meet long-term fossil. Cabrillo Marine Aquarium FORNIA 9 PHONE 310-548-7562 • FAX 310-548-2649 www. This ocean is a smaller body of water compared to the Pacific Ocean , Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean but is bigger than the Arctic Ocean. geostrophic ocean currents [Fig. Navigational information to supplement your charts. you would have a total area of the ocean of about 361,000,000 km² (which is ~71% of the Earth’s surface), a total volume of. Map of the ocean currents. Write your NAME and PERIOD at the top of your map. 3145x2440 / 2,2 Mb Go to Map. Title: 66 Major Ocean Currents Author: Prentice Hall Keywords: transparency. Mare Serenitatis ☾ Sea of Serenity ☽ ☾ Luna ☽ Take A Trip To The Moon. Its sudden variations can have disastrous effects on Japanese fisheries, but as oceano- graphers develop routine monitoring methods fish catches could increase threefold side (looking downstream) of the current's axis. BrainPOP - Animated Educational Site for Kids - Science, Social Studies, English, Math, Arts & Music, Health, and Technology. Earth-orbiting satellites to map slopes of the ocean surface, movement of surface currents, sea surface temperatures or other rapidly changing ocean features that could not be adequately studied from ships travelling slowly over the surface of the sea. The most striking difference is the seas onal reversal of the monsoon winds and its effects on the ocean currents in the northern hemisphere. The wind-induced motions are consistent with findings elsewhere on the importance of both local [Weisberg and Sturges, 1976 and Weisberg, 1976] and offshore [Wang and Elliott, 1978 and Wang, 1979] wind forcing, and. Which side of the North Pacific Ocean, east or west, has. Research in CSIRO and its partners seeks to better understand these currents and the role they play in our environment. Ocean currents have a significant impact on weather. This modi-. The map shows differences in temperatures simulated for the 2050s and those that occurred prior to industrilaisation (i. Current Campus Maps (active tab) Historic Campus Maps; 11x17 Campus Map. It is a roadmap to move you, your team, and your organization to new heights of confidence, market creation and growth. In El Niño years, the prevailing winds that normally drive a warm current from the Equator past New Zealand are disrupted and may stop or even reverse. Arctic Ocean, -5607 m) Milwaukee Deep (deepest point of the Atlantic Ocean, -8605 m) N DESERT N A I (BRAZIL) E T T Y Port-Vila E A S H T N Tromelin Island R Cook Islands-R I of the Indian Ocean, D G H E Sea R U Luanda-A M I of the Indian Ocean, D (Keeling) Islands I Carpentaria American D La Paz I (Fr. The GEBCO world map shows the bathymetry of the world's ocean floor in the form of a shaded relief colour map. South Equatorial Current 16. We are the nation’s nautical chart-maker. Agulhas Current; Benguela Current; South Equatorial Current; Antarctic Circumpolar Current; Agulhas Current. The main ocean current that affects the UK is the Gulf Stream. take a quiz » On This Day - The Daily IQ. Currents can happen in rivers, lakes, swamps and other water systems, although in the oceans, because of their size, a higher number and stronger currents exist. We know the water cycle on Earth is complex. ; many routes operate longer hours) 17 B M 93 No Saturday and/or Sunday Service Full-time Terminal 93 S Downtown Brooklyn LIC. Sea-level rise, tidal currents, and tectonics have shaped bathymetry in the map area. (2) The east coast and west coast are both Base your answers to questions 24 and 25 on the map below, which represents an imaginary continent. These tables meet U. It is reprocessed and interpolated for the resolution of 1/4º lat and long or about 28 km [Fig. 2020 Oceanic Niño Index (ONI) cooled into the ENSO-neutral range (+0. These are called ocean currents. The word "tides" is used to define the rise and fall in sea level resulting from the gravitational attraction of the moon and the sun. Okhotsk Current Cold currents 12. Ocean Currents - Introduction and Map Activity Introduce or review the basics of Ocean Currents. Ocean Currents 6th Grade Earth Science Sutton Middle School the ocean acts like an air conditioner as cooler ocean air moves inland through convection currents. In fact, oceans cover more than 70% of Earth. The fact that the marine renewable sector is less well developed than other energy industries presents companies with both opportunities and challenges. They are intended to serve as only a general guide to Lake Lanier. Find detailed, fast-loading South Carolina county maps. 2012 FEMA Flood Zone. 1 Using the Global Ocean Currents map on page 532 of your text, locate each of the ocean currents listed in the Ocean Currents Data Table below. Surface currents are driven by the wind. Largest of all ocean currents, it continues permanently eastward without changing direction. All other areas are limited distribution. The map includes symbols that represent such fea-tures as streets, buildings, streams, and vegetation. Map of Ocean Currents. Stay up to date on some of the important events happening in the world today. ; many routes operate longer hours) 17 B M 93 No Saturday and/or Sunday Service Full-time Terminal 93 S Downtown Brooklyn LIC. This map shows Grant Teton National Park entrances, the route through John D. Ocean currents and mixing by winds and waves can transport and redistribute heat to deeper ocean layers. Activity 1. Mobile Tools; Open UnitedHub. GeoTIFF format (445 Mbytes) for the region between 72°N and 72°S. map shows new international dateline around Samoa and Tokelau after December 29, 2011 current local time in Kiribati Fiji Tonga Samoa pacific islands near 180 meridian and International Date Line Fiji Tonga Tokelau Kiribati Tuvalu Samoa Niue French Polynesia Pitcairn New Caledonia Vanuatu Solomon Islands Naurui Cook Islands Marshall Islands Micronesia Guam Mariana Islands Palau. Draw ocean currents on a world map. This lesson gives students the opportunity to explore oceans and ocean life. Visibility. Download Spark PDF eBook Spark SPARK EBOOK AUTHOR BY JOHN J. This map shows the City of Houston's Full and the Limited purpose City Limits along with the roads and waterways. Includes maps of the seven continents, the 50 states, North America, South America, Asia, Europe, Africa, and Australia. By revisiting the ocean currents map, stu-dents quickly realized that the flow of ocean currents made a Panama journey implausible and the less-serious answers un-likely as well. Label each of the currents on the map by writing the name next to the arrow. in those areas with values close to zero, the collapse of the thermohaline circulation. p) Alaska Current q) Kuroshio Current r) East Australian Current 5. Not quite realtime, but still, er, current enough. NCEI builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography supporting NOAA's mission to understand and predict changes in Earth's environment, and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet our Nation's economic, social, and environmental needs. b) Current c) Eddy 1991 1993 1994 1996 2. Researchers are also using past observations of sea currents, plus numerical models, to produce more realistic sea forecasts. friend with them. Label your map with the name of your world and the names of the land masses. Ocean Pier ~ A Pier located in the Atlantic Ocean. 79X Van Ness Arena Express PDF Map. Using a map of ocean currents (Glencoe p518, Holt p521), draw and label the following cool ocean currents in blue. Upon completion of video, students should begin to answer questions provided on the Ocean Currents worksheet. Answer Analysis and Conclusion Questions 1-5. Review of U. Ocean currents are one of the major determinants of weather and climatological conditions as they are experienced on land. Major Ocean Currents. As surface currents in the ocean are formed by interactions between wind and water, they are greatly influenced by the earth’s rotation, and ocean basin geography. the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean. Strategy Canvas. Only the southern portion of the model domain is shown. East Coast; Maine: History of Changes/Updates to NOAA Current Predictions National Ocean Service. Global Ocean Surface Currents. Oceanography 10 Ocean Circulation • PART 1: Introduction General types of Ocean Currents Solar Energy and the Seasons • PART 2: Measuring Ocean Currents and Structure • PART 3: General Surface Currents and their Patterns Effects of the Earth’ rotation; Coriolis Effect Earth’s changing ro tational velocities Earth’s major wind patterns. density-driven currents c. Adobe PDF format (60 Mbytes). The North Atlantic current is already drawn as an example. The Tasman and Subtropical fronts are relatively warm surface currents. Tropical Storm: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots). Use the hazard signs below to quickly assess conditions and help you find the appropriate beach for your visit. Straits agrees well with the current pattern of previous works. To learn the location of places and the physical and cultural characteristics of those places in order to function more effectively in our increasingly interdependent world. This ocean is a smaller body of water compared to the Pacific Ocean , Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean but is bigger than the Arctic Ocean. "It is the key component" in global circulation, says Ellen Martin, a paleoclimate and ocean current. , 2003) in conjunction with peak inflow IOSW into the Gulf. Aboriginal Australia Wall Map, D R Horton, Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS, 1996 Disclaimer and Warning: Not suitable for use in native title and other land claims This map indicates only the general location of large groupings of people which may include smaller groups such as clans, dialects or individual languages in a group. Surface ocean currents are primarily driven by winds. Tropical Storm: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots). Adopt a Drifter Lessons: A Laboratory Simulation of Ocean Surface Currents. • Model the skill: Project the Ocean Map with markings for the place where the toys spilled into the ocean ("2") and places where the toys washed onto Alaskan beaches. Ocean currents move in large circular systems and affect the temperature and precipitation patterns around the world. Foundation Maps is Candid’s premier data visualization tool and the easiest way to see who is funding what and where around the world. Ocean currents can increase or reduce temperatures. The Jet Stream map shows today's high wind speed levels and jetstream directions. The coasts of Western, North and South America and Africa display such conditions. • Chart of the currents off of the United States • Map of the United States • Map of ocean currents PREPARATION This activity works best as a small group activity or as a demonstration. Whether seeking iconic fish to catch for sport or for sustenance, recreational fishing in the Southeast generates more than $15 billion in sales annually for more than 4. 5, varies by ±20% seasonally and appears to be strongest in late spring and summer (see Johns et al. ) UP Allowable Gross Weight Weight capacities of. 20kW/m2 and thus it is very suitable for tidal current energy exploitation, as illustrated in Fig. Ocean Abiotic Factors, continued • Tides are the periodic short-term changes in the height of the ocean surface at a particular place. Oyashio Current 6. The Leeuwin Current is quite different from the cool, northward flowing currents found along the southwest African Coast (the Benguela Current) and the long. POLYNYAS AND TIDAL CURRENTS • 85 As metrics of the potential tidal current contribution to polynya dynamics, we create maps of the tidal currents (U), the tidal mixing parameter h/U3 (simpson and h unter, 1974; where h is the water depth), and the vertical excursion asso- ciated with the tidal currents that drive water upslope and. Recognize that wind and ocean currents are produced by the differential heating of the Earth’s surface by the Sun and result in a cycling of matter around the Earth. BANAS School of Oceanography, Box 355351, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 ABSTRACT: Ocean processes are generally large scale on the U. By revisiting the ocean currents map, stu-dents quickly realized that the flow of ocean currents made a Panama journey implausible and the less-serious answers un-likely as well. The National Data Buoy Center's home page. Vertical currents and deep ocean currents are driven by upwelling and downwelling near the coasts and differences in density, temperature and salinity between the surface waters and the deep ocean. geostrophic ocean currents [Fig. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. California Current 2. The Ocean Book study guide answers • 3 Discussion Questions. Exploring the Deep Waters of American Samoa – 2017 American Samoa Expedition: Suesuega o le Moana o Amerika Samoa. Explain to students that this is a depiction of ocean currents called the Ocean Conveyor Belt. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the six main currents in the Indian ocean. Print this map of the British Isles US States and Capitals Map Quiz Free Maps, Map Puzzles and Educational Software: Owl and Mouse Educational Software The British Isles are located off the north-west coast of the continent of Europe, facing the Celtic Sea, the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Schott, Tax Administrator 5909 Main Street, 2nd Floor Mays Landing, NJ 08330 Phone: (609) 645-5820 Fax: (609) 645-5835. 3°C), ending a stretch of 5 consecutive months. Open-ocean, east-west currents form the gyre's northern and southern limbs and boundary currents sitting nearly parallel to the continental margins, generally oriented north south, join these gyres. In general, wind-driven currents dominate the upper ocean, and thermohaline circulation drives the movement of the deep ocean. Here's that dataset (Major_Ocean_Currents_arrowPolys_30m) in GeoJSON Pyesridump is a very powerful tool you can use to liberate data from ESRI's silos. We provide coastal managers the information and tools they need to balance society's environmental, social, and economic goals. ? Why are some currents marked red and some marked blue? [Temperature differences] - Turn on the layer, Prevailing Winds. Lake bottom contours and depths are approximate and subject to change. Esri recognizes that this understanding must involve a strong commitment to the oceans. North Equatorial Current 2. Adobe PDF format (60 Mbytes). We also cover Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. Get the latest space exploration, innovation and astronomy news. Driving Map: North Core Banks (jpg, 195 Kb) Use this North Core Banks driving map to find exit ramps off the "back road" for the Long Point Cabin Camp , Portsmouth Village , and other areas. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Current Campus Maps (active tab) Historic Campus Maps; 11x17 Campus Map. Marine debris ʅ Click the map URL link above to open the map. Antarctic Ocean The water surrounding the Antarctic continent is often called the Antarctic or Southern Ocean. view latest ». Materials needed for the Ocean Currents Science Experiment: Cold Water. Click in each square of the grid to create a map of the entire ocean floor. 499) in one color and the major ocean currents (Exploring Earth Science Pg. El Niño's signature warmth is apparent in the November 2015 map. The Leeuwin Current (LC) is a warm, poleward flowing ocean boundary current off the west coast of Australia (Cresswell and Golding 1980), driven by the large-scale meridional pressure gradient in the southeast Indian Ocean which is set up by the Indonesian Throughflow and thermohaline forcing (Godfrey and Ridgway 1985; McCreary et al. The beaches of Fraser Island are unpatrolled with strong ocean currents – drownings have occurred. Apr 20, 2023 Partial Solar Eclipse: Total Solar Eclipse South/East Asia, Australia, Pacific, Indian Ocean, Antarctica: Note: Click on the date link for details in Mareeba, or the path map image for global details. Ocean Animal Printouts from Enchanted Learning. The validity of the composite current velocity. Download the map as a PDF. Climate change is affecting biodiversity, and a poleward expansion was suggested for dolphinfish due to its affinity. The National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science deliver ecosystem science solutions to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies. If one uses a globe or a paper map with a polar view,. ) UP Allowable Gross Weight Weight capacities of. friend with them. Atlantic Ocean, the oldest oceanic crust occurs next to the North American and African continents and is about 160 million years old (Jurassic) (see figure 4. American eel distribution data were provided to the Service through state fish surveys, eel fishway monitoring, current records of eel stocking and 2013 data from NatureServe. Check your assessment Assessment rolls list information for every property in a municipality. Author: Michelle Copher Created Date: 5/28/2015 12:51:27 PM. Maps can be downloaded or printed in an 8 1/2 x 11 format. Indian Ocean Pilot Chart (Adobe PDF File, 277. NRL Layered Ocean Model in the region where the East Korea Warm Current (EKWC) separates from the coast. Make sure you do not accidentally enter “no. Have students look at the world maps of geostrophic ocean currents and dynamic ocean topography at the same time [Figs. The Strait of Hormuz approximates a boundary between the two systems. The main ocean current that affects the UK is the Gulf Stream. Indian Ocean (51,57,58): Southern Bluefin Tuna Pacific Ocean (61,67,71,77,81,87): Southern Bluefin Tuna Southeast Atlantic (47): Geelbek Croaker (D) Red steenbras (D) Mediterranean/Black Sea (37) Albacore (F-D) Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (D) Atlantic Bonito (F-D) Azov Sea Sprat (D) European Sprat (D) Sardinellas (U-D). Mozambiqe Current 6. Tropical Storm: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots). Th e North Atlantic current is already drawn as an example. DART® (Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis) DART® real-time tsunami monitoring systems, developed by PMEL, are positioned at strategic locations throughout the ocean and play a critical role in tsunami forecasting. On her map, she includes the major wind belts for the same area. Procedure 1. OCEAN CURRENTS - WHAT ARE THEIR EFFECTS? P. National Ocean Service (NOS) Office of Coast Survey U. Earth Science Current Unit - Welcome to Junior High!! Remember to be successful in Junior High, you must be able to budget your time!! Coordinate all your classes and the homework required. These currents move clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counter-clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. In which general direction is the sand being moved along this shoreline by ocean (long–shore) currents?. Section 1 Shoreline Erosion and Deposition Key Concept Beaches and shorelines are shaped largely by the action of ocean waves. Being water competent in the ocean requires stronger and different skills than in a pool. Download the map as a PDF. Have students begin watching Ocean Currents Internet video lesson, ~ 10 minutes. Surface Currents Carly draws a map of surface currents in the Atlantic Ocean. Integrated Ocean Observing System 1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor Silver Spring, MD 20910 (240) 533-9444. Ocean surface currents organize into Gyres that are characterized by circulation at the scale of the ocean basin. Blowing wind produces currents at the surface of the ocean which are oriented at 90° to its direction (on its right in the Northern Hemisphere and on its left in the Southern Hemisphere) due to the Earth rotation. Jin-Yi Yu Basic Ocean Structures Upper Ocean (~100 m) Shallow, warm upper layer where light is abundant and where most marine life can be found. Surface currents are important to ships as they can make it easy or difficult to travel depending on the direction of the current. longitude). READING A DIAGRAM 5 OCEAN ZONES At its deepest point, the ocean is more than six miles deep. 30 Sept 2016 : Restart 14:12 GMT. Exploring the Deep Waters of American Samoa – 2017 American Samoa Expedition: Suesuega o le Moana o Amerika Samoa. Pacific Ocean North STINSON BEACH Mt. OCEAN CURRENTS Get ready to add this simple ocean currents activity to your ocean lesson plans this season. Eddy-resolving ocean circulation in the Asian–Australian region inferred from an ocean reanalysis effort. Being water competent in the ocean requires stronger and different skills than in a pool. ***Global Wind Patterns is the first map ***Ocean Surface Current Patterns is the second map Questions: 1. Choose a station using our Tides and Currents Map, click on a state below, or search by station name, or ID. If you want to learn about what causes ocean currents, this is a cool way to get started! While you're at it, Go with the flow and learn about the ocean currents with this simple ocean currents activity. Convectional Current Theory Arthur Holmes in 1930s discussed the possibility of convection currents operating in the mantle portion. The discussion leader should draw a connection between this discussion and Introduction, question 2, that a. When the currents reach the ocean basin, they slow and the sediment they carry falls on the abyssal plains. Explain to students that this is a depiction of ocean currents called the Ocean Conveyor Belt. The Ocean Book study guide answers • 3 Discussion Questions. Research in CSIRO and its partners seeks to better understand these currents and the role they play in our environment. Link to the source: Source of the Printable blank world maps. Which side of the North Pacific Ocean, east or west, has. The Oxford Student Atlas for India uses the latest state-of-the-art techniques to produce maps that are accurate and easy to read. Equatorial Countercurrent 15. Jet streams are fast flowing, relatively narrow air currents found in the atmosphere around 10 kilometers above. In some cases, currents are transient features and affect only a small area. Pacific Ocean North STINSON BEACH Mt. The currents are: 1. Examine the direction of currents in each ocean, then draw circular ocean-current patterns with lines and arrows on Map 1. Pacific Ocean major ports map. These currents are generated due to radioactive elements causing thermal differences in the mantle portion. In size the Indian Ocean is comparable with roughly 5. Displays animated current flows and tidal heights superimposed on nautical charts. 0 1205 4300 On your map, color the warm currents red and the cold currents blue. As well as atlas wallpapers, we also sell city map wallpaper and children’s world maps meaning that there really is something for everyone. Canaries Current 5. • Plate tectonics describes the distribution and motion of the plates. If not for the ocean currents, the global climate would be similar to an ice age. On periods ranging from about three to seven years, the surface waters across a large swath of the tropical Pacific Ocean warm or cool by anywhere from 1°C to 3°C, compared. View Colorado River watershed maps, maps of the entire western Colorado River Basin, transmountain diversions and satellite imagery depicting the importance of the Colorado River. Visit Ocean City; Resident. Traditional Polynesian navigation was used for thousands of years to make long voyages across thousands of miles of the open Pacific Ocean. At the same time, closer to the surface, the current transports heat (in the form of warm, less dense water) from the tropics to the North, where it gets transferred into the atmosphere and warms. Indian Ocean Area Map - Africa, Asia, Oceania and Antarctica. Changes in the temperature from season to season are relatively small and strongly tied to changes in the surrounding ocean temperature. Equatorial Current and eventually feeds the circulation of the N. The global pattern of winds together with the Coriolis Effect and Ekman Transport produce large-scale currents in the world ocean. It will be easy to fall behind and difficult to catch up. Council President: Mayor: City Clerk: Date: January, 2008 Previously adopted pursuant to Ordinances 02-19, 02-29, 02-36. Scientists categorize layers of the ocean into zones. More than 614 free printable maps that you can download and print for free. cabrillomarineaquarium. This downloadable PDF map of the region can be a helpful resource to get students to learn all 23 countries in the region. Major Ocean Shipping Ports of China. If Carly wants to add wind belts for the part of the Atlantic just south of the equator, how should she draw the arrows? A. Ocean currents never change, but are persistent features of the ocean. Major Ocean Currents. Plus, the map displays our unique regions, cities, counties, convenient roads, and things to do—so you’ll have no problem picking points of interest and planning vacation routes. Plan your 2020 visit to Six Flags Great Adventure by viewing our Park Map. Students should already have some experience with the following: Understanding and reading the pH scale. It is divided into the standard oceans: the Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and the proposed Southern Ocean and ocean round the Antarctic. Title: 66 Major Ocean Currents Author: Prentice Hall Keywords: transparency. 1MB) [pdf format]. Guide to Using the DMAP Locator Maps The DMAP unit locator maps are designed to help hunters clearly identify DMAP area boundaries, key habitat and management features within DMAP areas and surrounding vicinity, and to aid them in better utilizing the District's Public Use maps to plan access and hunting strategies on state forest lands. Have students begin watching Ocean Currents Internet video lesson, ~ 10 minutes. Label the following major surface currents : Gulf Stream East Greenland North Atlantic Benguela Brazil Canary Islands Kuroshio Peru California East Australia. 0 0 500 1000 miles 500 1 0 kilom et rs Galapagos Islands Ocean Currents (Labeled) H u m b o l t P a n a m a Courtesy: Arizona Geographic Alliance School of Geographical Sciences, Arizona State University. Comes with teaching ideas and an answer key! If you like this activity, try these other fun lessons! Types of Clouds Coloring WorksheetGlobal and Local Winds ActivityOcean Currents Color. Being water competent in the ocean requires stronger and different skills than in a pool. Label each line. Routes & Schedules home » Route 8: Ocean Park Blvd Schedule/Map PDF. Ocean Currents - Ocean waters are constantly being pushed around the earth by currents. 25 MB Coastal currents along the Atlantic coast of the United States (1942) (20035163774). As a company with the mission to inspire and enable people to positively impact their future through a deeper geographic understanding of the changing world around them. 5 times the size of the USA. Study the diagram to learn about the habitat of each zone. Upwelling and downwelling describe the vertical movement of water masses. Okhotsk Current Cold currents 12. 106-256) charged the U. If not for the ocean currents, the global climate would be similar to an ice age. Then, choose the 2D MAP tab. Southwest Paci˜c Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment (SPICE) Part I. Ocean currents move in large circular systems and affect the temperature and precipitation patterns around the world. Not quite realtime, but still, er, current enough. Traditional Polynesian navigation was used for thousands of years to make long voyages across thousands of miles of the open Pacific Ocean. Oct 12, 2015 - Map the ocean floor, identifying the major mountain ranges and rifts, learn about ocean currents and color a map of the prevailing currents on earth, make an ocean in a bottle craft and then round it out with an ocean lapbook. The stronger the wind, the bigger the wave. CHECK ON MAP CruiseMapper provides free cruise tracking, current ship positions, itinerary schedules, deck plans, cabins, accidents and incidents ('cruise minus') reports, cruise news. In the last article, we have seen the ocean bottom topography. 9 Antarctic Circumpolar Current Cold Questions: 1. While ocean currents are shallow-level circulations, there is global circulation which extends to the depths of the sea called the Great Ocean Conveyor. This study provides a global, detailed, and complete energy-saving map of strong ocean cur- rents from the absolute geostrophic velocitiescalculated from satellite altimetrydata, with the focus on the strong Western Boundary Currents (WBCs) in the global ocean. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Ocean Currents. Page1- Reading activity to introduce students to the basics of Ocean Currents. 5°5'E (2015) ANNUAL DECREASE 8' Edit. Ocean Currents Worksheet Learn about ocean currents around the world. Get a daily dose of fun facts including birthdays, historical events, and more. What Causes Tides? from Enchanted Learning. Scale 1:35,000,000 Robinson Projection standard parallels 38°N and 38°S AUSTRALIA Independent state Bermuda Dependency or area of special sovereignty Sicily / AZORES Island / island group Major chokepoint Major port Shipping lane. Some currents move water at the surface of the ocean, while other currents move water deep in the ocean. Deep ocean currents. Ocean currents around South Africa (from (1)). What are the different ocean currents that carry warm water give at least three examples? Western boundary currents are warm, deep, narrow, and fast flowing currents that form on the west side of ocean basins due to western intensification. Federal government's lead for addressing marine debris. 25 MB Coastal currents along the Atlantic coast of the United States (1942) (20035163774). Important Currents of the Atlantic Ocean are as follows: North Equatorial Current (warm) North equatorial current is a significant Pacific and Atlantic Ocean current that flows east-to-west between about 10° north and 20° north. For the bottom current, the current speed was 0-20 cm/s towards northwest.
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